Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder that typically develops in people over 30 years old. While it is more common in women, it tends to be more severe in men. People with this condition tend to have flare-ups and remissions, which means the symptoms come and go. While rosacea typically affects the face, it can also develop on the scalp, ears, neck or chest.
The most common and best-known symptom of rosacea is a pronounced and persistent reddening of the skin. Small blood vessels can become visible on the affected skin, and some people also develop small, red pimples or bumps. Other symptoms can include the following:
- Dry, rough skin
- Raised, red patches called plaques on the affected skin
- Thickened skin, especially on the nose
- Edema or swelling
- A feeling of tightness on the skin
- Burning, stinging or itching sensations
- Bloodshot and irritated eyes
Subtypes of Rosacea
Doctors have divided rosacea into four subtypes depending on the most frequent symptoms. A person can have more than one subtype, or they can shift from one subtype to another as their condition progresses.
In Subtype 1, the patient’s chief symptoms are flushing and persistent redness. They are also apt to develop visible blood vessels in the affected area.
In Subtype 2, the patient develops constantly reddened skin. They also suffer outbreaks of pimples.
In Subtype 3, the patient develops abnormally thick skin. Patients with this subtype can develop rhinophyma or an enlarged and bulbous nose.
Subtype 4 affects the eyes and eyelids. Patients can develop such symptoms as dry eye, irritation that causes burning and tearing, and swollen eyelids. In the worst cases, the patient can suffer vision loss due to damage to the cornea.
This condition generally first appears in people over 30. The National Rosacea Society (NRS) conducted a survey, and 43 percent of the respondents reported developing symptoms between 30 and 39, while only 17 percent were under 30. Interestingly, another 39 percent did not develop symptoms until they were over 50.
Rosacea is most common in people with fair skin. A whopping 72 percent of the participants of the NRS survey described themselves as fair-skinned. People with ancestors from Northern Europe are especially prone to developing the condition. Rosacea is sometimes called the “Curse of the Celts”; 33 percent of the survey’s participants were of Irish descent, while 26 percent had English ancestry. The condition often runs in families.
If you are dealing with this condition, set up a time to visit Perfect Skin Laser Center to discuss your treatment options. We have offices in Tempe and Scottsdale. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.